- Always brush your teeth with correct technique twice a day.
Practising the correct method of tooth brushing is one of the key methods to keep the mouth healthy. By doing so, deleterious effects of dental plaque can be kept away. Brushing has to be done twice a day, in the morning and night. But one can even brush their teeth in between also this depends on the type of food consumed like, soft and sticky.
- Rinse your teeth with normal water after every chew.
After every chew or meal, it is recommended to rinse the mouth thoroughly with water so that the food debris in the mouth can be removed after rinsing.
- Floss your teeth daily.
Daily flossing the teeth helps to remove the dental plaque and food debris in between the teeth. This can prevent caries happening between the teeth and also gum infection. But one should learn the right technique of flossing. It is recommended to floss in the morning and night before sleep.
- Clean your tongue.
Most of them neglect to clean their tongue as they may be ignorant about the importance of tongue cleaning. After brushing and flossing the teeth, the tongue has to be cleaned to scrap away the bacterial coat which causes malodour in the mouth. Tongue cleaning also helps to enhance the taste perception of the individual as the presence of the coat interferes with the functioning of taste buds. It is fair to clean the tongue twice a day. Cleaning the tongue in the night after the meal is very important.
- Visit your dentist at least twice a year.
Dental health is most neglected as the dental diseases are not life threatening. But, dental diseases make the person lead a poor quality of life. Generally, dental diseases are silent or asymptomatic at their earlier stages but they become symptomatic at their later stages where the chances to save the tooth are minimal. Thus one has to make a healthy habit of visiting the dentist once in every six months with or without a dental problem so that, the dentist can help to provide the suitable measures to keep the mouth healthy.
- Avoid eating sugary and sticky food before sleep.
Eating sugary and sticky food at night time creates a favourable environment for the microorganisms to causes caries and gum infection. During this time such food stays in the mouth for a longer duration where the natural salivary flow will be reduced and thus the lesser buffering action of saliva. This creates an acidic PH which favours the tooth destruction. Hence, consuming such food items without proper brushing should be avoided.
- Always do a self-examination of your teeth.
Regularly examining one’s own mouth is very important to identify any changes in their teeth. This may be like, observing any black or brown spot over the tooth, or bleeding and swollen the gums. If one is able to detect any changes in their teeth or part of mouth it is important to meet the dentist to seek appropriate care.
- Drink more water.
Water is an important agent which hydrates the oral tissues and also neutralises the acid effects of microbes on the teeth. Water has also got clearance effect as it can flush out any debris over the teeth. One has to drink a minimum of 6 to 8 glasses of water to have a better oral health.
- Change your toothbrush once in every three months.
Changing the toothbrush once in every two to three months is advisable as the brush gets wearied off where its bristles will be flared and tips will be rough. Such brushes loose their cleaning efficacy and cause damage to the teeth and gums.